Thursday, 10 November 2016

World News

1. India and Britain signed two pacts (Mou) on intellectual property rights (IPR) and bilateral cooperation on raising ease of doing business.
2. Union Minister for Electronics and Information Technology Ravi Shankar Prasad laid the foundation stone of the Software Technology Parks of India (STPI) which is to be built at an estimated cost of Rs 20 crore.
3. The Reserve Bank (RBI) has appointed M Rajeshwar Rao as its Executive Director.
4. The Ministry of Textiles has joined hands with the ethnic apparel brand BIBA and has launched India Handloom Brand garments at BIBA’s flagship store at Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi.
5. State-run Bank of Baroda has appointed Ratnesh Kumar as managing director and CEO of its investment banking subsidiary, BOB Capital Markets.
6. Senior journalist and TV anchor Girish Nikam died. He was 59.
7. Kishore Biyani-led Future Group signed a definitive agreement to acquire the retail and allied business company Heritage Foods Limited.
8. The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has appointed S.K. Sinha, IPS (Bihar), Additional Director, IB to the post of Special Director.
9. Delhi’s young wicketkeeper-batsman Rishabh Pant batted himself into the record books by scoring the fastest ever hundred by an Indian in a first-class game by hitting a 48-ball ton against Jharkhand in Ranji Trophy.
10. Raj Bisaria will be awarded with the National Kalidas Samman for the year 2015-16.This award is given by the Government of Madhya Pradesh.

Thursday, 27 October 2016

Let's Learn Phrases and their meaning

Phrasal Verbs
Meaning
Sentence
ask sb out
invite on a date
Brian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask around
ask many people the same question
I asked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to sth
equal
Your purchases add up to $205.32.
back sth up
reverse
You'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back sb up
support
My wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow up
explode
The racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow sth up
add air
We have to blow 50 balloons up for the party.
break down
stop functioning
Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break down
get upset
The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break sth down
divide into smaller parts
Our teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break in
force entry to a building
Somebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into sth
enter forcibly
The firemen had to break into the room to rescue the children.
break in
interrupt
The TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break up
end a relationship
My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
break up
start laughing (informal)
The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break out
escape
The prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out in sth
develop a skin condition
I broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring sb down
make unhappy
This sad music is bringing me down.
bring sb up
raise a child
My grandparents brought me up after my parents died.
bring sth up
start talking about a subject
My mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring sth up
Vomit
He drank so much that he brought his dinner up in the toilet.
call around
phone many different people
We called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call sb back
return a phone call
I called the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call sth off
Cancel
Jason called the wedding off because he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on sb
ask for an answer or opinion
The professor called on me for question 1.
call on sb
visit sb
We called on you last night but you weren't home.
call sb up
Phone
Give me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm down
relax after being angry
You are still mad. You need to calm down before you drive the car.
not care for sb/sth
not like (formal)
I don't care for his behavior.
catch up
get to the same point as sb else
You'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch up with Marty.
check in
Register at a hotel
We will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check out
leave a hotel
You have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
check sb/sth out
look at carefully, investigate
The company checks out all new employees.
check out sb/sth
look at (informal)
Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer up
become happier
She cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer sb up
make happier
I brought you some flowers to cheer you up.
chip in
Help
If everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean sth up
tidy, clean
Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come across sth
find unexpectedly
I came across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apart
Separate
The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down with sth
become sick
My nephew came down with chicken pox this weekend.
come forward
volunteer for a task
The woman came forward with her husband's finger prints.
come from sw
originate in
The art of origami comes from Asia.
count on sb/sth
rely on
I am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross sth out
draw a line through
Please cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back on sth
consume less
My doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut sth down
make sth fall to the ground
We had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut in
Interrupt
Your father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut in
start operating
The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut sth off
remove with sth sharp
The doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut sth off
stop providing
The phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut sb off
take out of a will
My grandparents cut my father off when he remarried.
cut sth out
remove part of sth
I cut this ad out of the newspaper.
do sb/sth over
beat up, ransack
He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do away with sth
Discard
It's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do sth up
fasten, close
Do your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress up
wear nice clothing
It's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop back
move back in a position/group
Andrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/over
come without an appointment
I might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
drop sb/sth off
take sb to leave them there
I have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop out
quit a class, school etc.
I dropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat out
eat at a restaurant
I don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end up
eventually reach/do/decide
We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apart
break into pieces
My new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall down
fall to the ground
The picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall out
separate from an interior
The money must have fallen out of my pocket.
figure sth out
understand, find the answer
I need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill sth in
to write information in blanks
Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill sth out
to write information in blanks
The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill sth up
fill to the top
I always fill the water jug up when it is empty.
find out
Discover
We don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find sth out
Discover
We tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samantha found it out.
get sth across/over
make understandable
I tried to get my point across/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.
get along/on
like each other
I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along/on.
get around
have mobility
My grandfather can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get away
go on a vacation
We worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away with sth
do without being noticed
Jason always gets away with cheating in his math tests.
get back
Return
We got back from our vacation last week.
get sth back
receive sth you had before
Liz finally got her Science notes back from my room-mate.
get back at sb
retaliate, take revenge
My sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favorite hat.
get back into sth
become interested in sth again
I finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on sth
step onto a vehicle
We're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
get over sth
recover from an illness
I just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over sth
overcome a problem
The company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.
get round to sth
finally find time to do
I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get together
meet (usually for social reasons)
Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get up
get out of bed
I got up early today to study for my exam.
get up
Stand
You should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give sb away
reveal hidden info about sb
His wife gave him away to the police.
give sb away
take the bride to the altar
My father gave me away at my wedding.
give sth away
ruin a secret
My little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give sth away
give sth to sb for free
The library was giving away old books on Friday.
give sth back
return a borrowed item
I have to give these skates back to Franz before his hockey game.
give in
reluctantly stop fighting
My boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finally gave in.
give sth out
give to many people
They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give sth up
quit a habit
I am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give up
stop trying
My math homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after sb
follow sb
My brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after sth
try to achieve sth
I went after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against sb
compete, oppose
We are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go ahead
start, proceed
Please go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go back
return to a place
I have to go back home and get my lunch.
go out
leave home to go
We're going out for dinner tonight.
go out with sb
Date
Jesse has been going out with Luke since they met last winter.
go over sth
Review
Please go over your answers before you submit your test.
go over
visit sb nearby
I haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
go without sth
suffer lack or deprivation
When I was young, we went without winter boots.
grow apart
stop being friends over time
My best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow back
Regrow
My roses grew back this summer.
grow up
become an adult
When Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
grow into sth
grow big enough to fit
This bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
hand sth down
give sth used to sb else
I handed my old comic books down to my little cousin.
hand sth in
Submit
I have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand sth out
to distribute to a group of people
We will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand sth over
give (usually unwillingly)
The police asked the man to hand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang in
stay positive
Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
hang on
wait a short time (informal)
Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang out
spend time relaxing (informal)
Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang out at my place.
hang up
end a phone call
He didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
hold sb/sth back
prevent from doing
I had to hold my dog back because there was a cat in the park.
hold sth back
hide an emotion
Jamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
hold on
wait a short time
Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold onto sth
hold firmly using your hands
Hold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
hold sb/sth up
Rob
A man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doing sth
continue doing
Keep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep sth from sb
not tell
We kept our relationship from our parents for two years.
keep sb/sth out
stop from entering
Try to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep sth up
continue at the same rate
If you keep those results up you will get into a great college.
let sb down
fail to support or help, disappoint
I need you to be on time. Don't let me down this time.
let sb in
allow to enter
Can you let the cat in before you go to school?
log in (or on)
sign in
I can't log in to Facebook because I've forgotten my password.
log out (or off)
sign out
If you don't log off somebody could get into your account.
look after sb/sth
take care of
I have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down on sb
think less of, consider inferior
Ever since we stole that chocolate bar your dad has looked down on me.
look for sb/sth
try to find
I'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward to sth
be excited about the future
I'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
look into sth
Investigate
We are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look out
be careful
Look out! That car's going to hit you!
look out for sb/sth
be especially vigilant for
Don't forget to look out for snakes on the hiking trail.
look sth over
check, examine
Can you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look sth up
search and find information
We can look her phone number up on the Internet.
look up to sb
have a lot of respect for
My little sister has always looked up to me.
make sth up
invent, lie about sth
Josie made up a story about why we were late.
make up
forgive each other
We were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make sb up
apply cosmetics to
My sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix sth up
confuse two or more things
I mixed up the twins' names again!
pass away
Die
His uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass out
Faint
It was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass sth out
give the same thing to many
The professor passed the textbooks out before class.
pass sth up
decline (usually sth good)
I passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay sb back
return owed money
Thanks for buying my ticket. I'll pay you back on Friday.
pay for sth
be punished for doing sth bad
That bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick sth out
Choose
I picked out three sweaters for you to try on.
point sb/sth out
indicate with your finger
I'll point my boyfriend out when he runs by.
put sth down
put down on a surface or floor
You can put the groceries down on the kitchen counter.
put sth off
Postpone
We are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put sth out
Extinguish
The neighbors put the fire out before the firemen arrived.
put sth together
Assemble
I have to put the crib together before the baby arrives.
put up with sb/sth
Tolerate
I don't think I can put up with three small children in the car.
put sth on
put clothes on your body
Don't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run into sb/sth
meet unexpectedly
I ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run over sb/sth
drive a vehicle over a person
I accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/through
rehearse, review
Let's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run away
leave unexpectedly, escape
The child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run out
have none left
We ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send sth back
return (usually by mail)
My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set sth up
arrange, organize
Our boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set sb up
trick, trap
The police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop around
compare prices
I want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show off
act extra special
He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep over
stay sw for the night
You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort sth out
organize, resolve a problem
We need to sort the bills out before the first of the month.
stick to sth
continue doing sth
You will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch sth off
stop the energy flow, turn off
The light's too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch sth on
start the energy flow, turn on
We heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take after sb
resemble a family member
I take after my mother. We are both impatient.
take sth apart
purposely break into pieces
He took the car breaks apart and found the problem.
take sth back
return an item
I have to take our new TV back because it doesn't work.
take off
start to fly
My plane takes off in five minutes.
take sth off
remove sth (usually clothing)
Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take sth out
remove from a place or thing
Can you take the garbage out to the street for me?
take sb out
pay for sb to go sw with you
My grandparents took us out for dinner and a movie.
tear sth up
rip into pieces
I tore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
think back
Remember
When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think sth over
Consider
I'll have to think this job offer over before I make my final decision.
throw sth away
dispose of
We threw our old furniture away when we won the lottery.
turn sth down
decrease the volume or strength
Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn sth down
Refuse
I turned the job down because I don't want to move.
turn sth off
stop the energy flow, switch off
Your mother wants you to turn the TV off and come for dinner.
turn sth on
start the energy, switch on
It's too dark in here. Let's turn some lights on.
turn sth up
increase the volume
Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn up
appear suddenly
Our cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try sth on
sample clothing
I'm going to try these jeans on, but I don't think they will fit.
try sth out
Test
I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use sth up
finish the supply
The kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake up
stop sleeping
We have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warm sb/sth up
increase the temperature
You can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm up
prepare body for exercise
I always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear off
fade away
Most of my make-up wore off before I got to the party.
work out
Exercise
I work out at the gym three times a week.
work out
be successful
Our plan worked out fine.
work sth out
make a calculation
We have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.